Machines that make rivets can make up a major part of the industrial revolution.
Now, an international team of researchers has developed an automated process that can make rivet parts using only a small amount of raw material.
The technology, described in the journal Nature, could help meet a pressing need in the construction and production of large-scale machinery.
In a nutshell, a machine that uses raw materials to produce rivets, or rivets that form on the edges of the machine, is the same as a rivet maker.
If you need a riveter, you could just go to the local hardware store and buy one.
But the technology to make riveters could open up new possibilities in industrial production.
“The next step is to build the system that is the actual manufacturing part of a machine,” says Thomas Stromberg, a robotics researcher at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
“It would take a long time to develop that system, but it could be done in a reasonable amount of time.”
In order to make a riveted part, a robotic arm, or a tool, has to be placed on top of the rivet and then heated and manipulated.
It’s then pushed and pulled to achieve a desired shape.
The process starts with a few pieces of material and then a process that’s very similar to the rivets process.
The basic idea is that a large amount of material, such as a car’s dashboard or a computer case, can be heated up and then cooled down and then re-melted to a desired form.
It turns out that this process is not the only way that rivets are made.
“We are still learning about the whole process,” Stromber says.
“But it is the most commonly used method for rivets production.
And it is very common in the automotive industry, especially in the car industry.”
The researchers were able to use a process similar to that used to make the riveted parts in the riveting machine to make new parts for a new process.
“With this new process, we are now able to create rivets on the same basic material that we use for rivet production,” says Stromburg.
“In the past, we had to get the same material, but now we can use it in different ways.
It means that you can make a whole new material that could be used in different tasks.”
For example, the researchers could make riveted rivets from carbon steel or titanium, which are both available from a number of sources.
This process could also be used to create a material called polycarbonate, which is used to construct more complicated structures such as car seats and doors.
And this material could be made from a plastic called polystyrene, which has been used to form many different types of plastics in various applications.
“This is a huge step forward,” says co-author and postdoc at the Institute of Automation at the Uppsala University, Anders Oster.
“By making rivets by hand, you can use less raw material and use the same techniques for a long period of time, making it much easier for the machine to be assembled.”
The research team was also able to make high-quality rivets using the same technique.
This method allows the team to use as much material as possible for a project, but still retain some of the flexibility needed to make small pieces of rivet that can then be shaped.
“When you have a machine with a limited amount of materials, you need to use the least amount of the available material,” says Oster, who is also a mechanical engineer at the Swedish Institute of Technology in Göteborg.
“For example, in a car, the only thing you have to use is the front wheels, so you can just use that for the whole body.
But if you want to make more than that, you have more materials that need to be used.”
The new process is already being used to produce parts for industrial machinery, such in the production of tools, cars and other industrial products.
But this new method can also be applied to other industrial applications.
For example in the manufacturing of rivets for the riveters machine, it’s not uncommon for the team at the institute to be using this technique to make parts for welding.
This type of machine would be able to produce welds on the spot, without having to wait for an expensive welding process to be developed.
“You could make a tool that welds in seconds, or you could make the tool in seconds and then you can take the weld out,” says the team leader, Stefan Rieder.
“That’s what we are using this process for, to make welds.”
And while the process is very similar, the material is different.
The researchers used carbon steel instead of titanium or other metals that are typically used for riveted steel.
Carbon steel has been known to have defects that make it more difficult to weld than titanium.
For the process to work, however, the riveter needs